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CIA Notable flights and performances: Part ,
Date 200-400 Pilot: Antarqui (small boy) PER

Copilot: Passengers:

Earliest mythical manned flight

Said to have been sent up in the air to spy on the enemy

Nazca culture

Aerostat: Nazca Hot Air Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Nazca. Journey to the sun Updated: 2002-06-16
Date 1625 Pilot: Johann Baptista van Helmont¹ 1579-1644 BEL

Copilot: Passengers:

First description of hydrogen. first to use the word "gas". Founder of pneumatic chemistry.

Investigated and categorized hydrogen and several other gases.

Realised the difference between atmospheric air and gases.

Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: History of Gas chemistry. Scientific American jan 1984 Updated: 2002-06-16
Date 1709-08-08 Pilot: Bartholomeu Lourenço de Gusmão¹ 1686-1724 BRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Earliest recorded model balloon flight



Aerostat: Gusmão Hot Air Balloon model Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 2002-03-19
Date 1731-11-17 Pilot: Mr. Kriakoutny 1710?-1750 RUS

Copilot: Passengers:

First manned balloon flight according to Russian claims.

Flew from Ryazan town square.

Landed in church bell-tower. Beaten by Supersticious peasants and had to flee

Aerostat: Balloon made of Ox-hides Hot Air Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: S. Mihailovich (Russian Archives). Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1755 Pilot: Joseph Black¹ 1728-1799 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

Repeated Helmont's discovery that different gases exist

Published "Experiments Upon Magnesia Alba. Quicklime. and Some Other Alkaline Substances". 1755


Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Weisstein: Scientific Biographies. Scientific American jan 1984 Updated: 2002-06-16
Date 1766 Pilot: Henry Cavendish¹ 1731-1810 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

Discovered and isolated a gas. 11 times lighter than air

Investigated "Fixed Air" (carbon dioxide) and isolated "Inflammable Air" (hydrogen.

Published "On Fractious Air". 1766

Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Scientfic American. jan 1984 Updated: 2002-06-16
Date 1774-08-01 Pilot: Joseph Priestley¹ 1733-1804 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

Isolated and categorized hydrogen and seven other gases.



Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Scientfic American. jan 1984 Updated: 2002-06-16
Date 1774-09-30 Pilot: Carl Wilhelm Scheele¹ 1742-1786 SWE

Copilot: Passengers:

Discovered and produced oxygen

Showed before Priestley that air consists of oxygen and nitrogen


Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Letter to Lavoisier Updated: 2002-07-24
Date 1782-11-25/26 Pilot: Joseph-Michel Montgolfier¹ 1740-1810 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First experiment by Montgolfier.

At 18. rue Saint-Etienne. Avignon

Fire made of paper

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 1. Silk cube. Hot Air Balloon model Volume: 1
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1782-12- Pilot: Joseph & Étienne Montgolfier¹ FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First outdoor flight.

Paper factory garden in Vidalon-les-Annonay

Fire made of straw and humid wool.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 2. Cylinder. Hot Air Balloon model Volume: 1
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 1
min Altitude: 30
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1782-12-14 Pilot: Joseph & Étienne Montgolfier¹ FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First free flight with a model balloon



Aerostat: Montgolfière No 3. Silk sphere. Hot Air Balloon model Volume: 18
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 3
min Altitude: 250
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1783-04- Pilot: Joseph & Étienne Montgolfier¹ FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Tethered experiments.

Château de Brogieux. Annonay

Fire made of straw and humid wool.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 4. Linen & paper sphere. Hot Air Balloon model Volume: 800
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1783-04-25 Pilot: Joseph & Étienne Montgolfier¹ FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First free flight at night.

Château du Colombier. Annonay.

Fire made of straw and humid wool.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 4. Linen & paper sphere. Hot Air Balloon model Volume: 800
m3

Distance 2
km 1.2
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1783-06-04 Pilot: Joseph & Étienne Montgolfier¹ FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First public demonstration. free flight.

Place des Cordeliers. Annonay.

Fire made of straw and humid wool.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 4. Linen & paper sphere. Hot Air Balloon model Volume: 800
m3

Distance 2
km 1.2
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. BF18:4 Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1783-08-27 Pilot: Jacques Alexandre César Charles & Robert brothers¹ 1746-1823 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First Free flight by gas balloon.

Public demonstration. Champ de Mars. Paris - Gonesse 15 km NE Paris.

Balloon destroyed by scared villagers.

Aerostat: Charlière No 1. Rubberized silk sphere. Hydrogen. Gas Balloon model Volume: 35
m3

Distance 25
km 15.5
Miles Duration: 0 h 45
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Ballooning 1782-1872 Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1783-08-30 Pilot: Louis XVI King of France¹ 1754-1793 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First aviation Royal decision

King Louis XVI agreed that first aeronauts be prisoners

Pilâtre de Rozier pursuaded the King that prisoners should not be honoured

Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Stella. Lecornu: La Navigation Aérienne. 1902 Updated: 2000-11-02
Date 1783-09-12 Pilot: Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier¹ 1745-1799 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Tethered flight. Demonstration for Scientific commission.

Réveillon. Paris

Fire made of straw. humid wool and animal parts.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 5. Paper covered linen. Biconical Hot Air Balloon Volume: 1000
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1783-09-19 Pilot: Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier¹ 1745-1799 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First free flight with animals.

From the Royal Court at Versailles to Vaucresson

Fire made of straw. humid wool and animal parts.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 6. Painted cotton Hot Air Balloon Volume: 1400
m3

Distance 4
km 2.5
Miles Duration: 0 h 8
min Altitude: 500
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1783-10- Pilot: Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier¹ 1745-1799 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Tethered flight.

Reveillon. Paris

Airborne heater fired by dried straw.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 7. Painted fire resistant cotton. Hot Air Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1783-10-12 Pilot: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier 1757-1785 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First tethered human flight.

Reveillon. Paris

Solo flight. weight used to keep equilibrium. Airborne heater fired by dried straw.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 7. Painted fire resistant cotton. Hot Air Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 4
min Altitude: 26
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1783-10-14 Pilot: Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier 1745-1799 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First tethered passenger flight.

Reveillon. Paris

Airborne heater fired by dried straw.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 7. Painted fire resistant cotton. Hot Air Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Comitee Annonay Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1783-10-15 Pilot: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier 1757-1785 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Tethered human flight.

Reveillon. Paris

Airborne heater fired by dried straw.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 7. Painted fire resistant cotton. Hot Air Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 6
min Altitude: 64
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Comitee Annonay Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1783-10-17 Pilot: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier 1757-1785 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Tethered flight.

Reveillon. Paris

Airborne heater fired by dried straw.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 7. Painted fire resistant cotton. Hot Air Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 8
min Altitude: 80
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Comitee Annonay Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1783-10-19 Pilot: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier 1757-1785 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Two tethered passenger flights.

Reveillon. Paris

Airborne heater fired by dried straw.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 7. Painted fire resistant cotton. Hot Air Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 9
min Altitude: 108
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Comitee Annonay Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1783-10-19 Pilot: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier 1757-1785 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Tethered passenger flights.

Reveillon. Paris

Airborne heater fired by dried straw.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 7. Painted fire resistant cotton. Hot Air Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 9
min Altitude: 108
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Comitee Annonay Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1783-11-21 Pilot: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier 1757-1785 FRA

Copilot: François Laurent. the Marquis d'Arlandes Passengers:

First recorded manned flight.

From Château de la Muette to la Butte aux Cailles. Paris. France.

Takeoff at 13.54. Airborne heater fired by dried straw.

Aerostat: Montgolfière No 7. Painted fire resistant cotton. Hot Air Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 10
km 6.2
Miles Duration: 0 h 25
min Altitude: 1000
meter

Source: Les Montgolfières. Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Comitee Annonay Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1783-12-01 Pilot: Jacques Alexandre César Charles 1746-1823 FRA

Copilot: Marie-Noël Robert (Cadet = the younger) Passengers:

First human flight in a gas balloon.

From "Le jardin des Tuileries". Paris to Nesle-La-Vallée.

Takeoff at 13.45. M-N Robert sometimes called "Cadet" meaning "the younger".

Aerostat: Charlière No 2. Varnished silk. Hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 380
m3

Distance 36
km 22.4
Miles Duration: 2 h 5
min Altitude: 600
meter

Source: Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Ballooning 1782-1982 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1783-12-01 Pilot: Jacques Alexandre César Charles 1746-1823 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First human solo flight in a gas balloon.

Nesle-La-Vallée to Tour du Lay. Hedouville.


Aerostat: Charlière No 2. Varnished silk. Hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 380
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 35
min Altitude: 3500
meter

Source: Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Ballooning 1782-1982 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1784-01-19 Pilot: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier 1757-1785 FRA

Copilot: Joseph Montgolfier Passengers:

First flight with more than 2 people

First stowaway (Fontaine). Airborne heater fired with wood. coal and alcohol.


Aerostat: Montgolfière No 8. "Le Fleselles". Paper btwn 2 layers of linen Hot Air Balloon Volume: 20000
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 13
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Icare 105. Romance of Ballooning Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1784-02-25 Pilot: Paul Andreani ITA

Copilot: Passengers:

First free balloon flight in Italy

Milano. Italy


Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: FAI 120 Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1784-03-02 Pilot: Jean-Pierre Blanchard 1753-1809 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First trial with a dirigible balloon.

Champ de Mars. Paris to Billancourt

Propulsion by oars.

Aerostat: Blanchard No 1. Hydrogen. Gas Balloon Volume: 380
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 1 h 15
min Altitude: 400
meter

Source: Icare 105 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1784-04-23 Pilot: FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First aviation law

Requirement that balloons carrying fire aloft must be inspected before flight

Reason was that authorities considered balloons could cause fires in Paris

Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Updated: 2000-04-12
Date 1784-06-04 Pilot: Mr. Fleurant FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight with a female passenger. Mme Elisabeth Thible

Lyon.

Witnessed by Gustav III. King of Sweden. Balloon named in his honour

Aerostat: Laurencin/Fleurant. "Le Gustave". Linen & paper. Hot Air Balloon Volume: 4000
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 45
min Altitude: 1500
meter

Source: Icare 105. Gustavianskt Updated: 2002-09-11
Date 1784-06-14 Pilot: Coustard de Massy FRA

Copilot: R. P. Mouchel. Luynes Passengers:

First attempt to make scientific observations.

Nantes.


Aerostat: de Massy. "Le Suffren". Hydrogen. Gas Balloon Volume: 450
m3

Distance 36
km 22.4
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 3500
meter

Source: Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Ballooning 1782-1982 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1784-06-23 Pilot: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier 1757-1785 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight over 50 km distance.

Versailles to Chantilly

Heater fired with straw. fir wood and wine-shoots soaked in oil and turpentine

Aerostat: Montgolfière "La Marie Antionette". Cotton and sheep skins. Hot Air Balloon Volume: 5000
m3

Distance 52
km 32.3
Miles Duration: 0 h 50
min Altitude: 3000
meter

Source: Icare 105 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1784-06-24 Pilot: Edward Warren 1771-? USA

Copilot: Passengers:

First free balloon flight in USA.

Baltimore

Pilot 13 years old

Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: FAI 120 Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1784-07-07 Pilot: J. G. Stuwer OK

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight in Austria

Vienna


Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 2003-03-27
Date 1784-07-15 Pilot: Marie-Noël Robert. (the younger) 1760?-1820 FRA

Copilot: Anne-Jean Robert. 1758-1820. ( Ainé = the elder) Passengers:

First flight with an elongated balloon with ballonet.

Trials to control direction. St. Cloud to Meudon

No valve fitted. The duke slashed the ballonet to prevent rupture

Aerostat: Hydrogen. "La Caroline" Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 45
min Altitude: 4500
meter

Source: Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Dream Machine. Icare 105. Ballooning 1782-1972. Who's Who B Updated: 2003-03-27
Date 1784-08-25 Pilot: James Tytler 1747-1804 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

First hot air balloon flight in Great Britain

Edinburgh

No basket and no heat source carried aloft

Aerostat: Hot air envelope Hot Air Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 150
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics in Great Britain. Balloon Tytler. Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 2003-03-27
Date 1784-09-15 Pilot: Vincent Lunardi 1759-1806 ITA

Copilot: A dog and a cat Passengers:

First flight with a gas balloon in Great Britain

Artillery Grounds. Moorfields to Standon. Hertfordshire


Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 40
km 25
Miles Duration: 2 h 15
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics in Great Britain Updated: 2003-03-27
Date 1784-09-19 Pilot: Marie-Noël Robert. (the younger) 1760?-1820 FRA

Copilot: Anne-Jean Robert. 1758-1820. ( Ainé = the elder) Passengers:

First flight over 100 km (186 km straight line).

Paris to Beuvry near Bethune

Straight line distance about 190 km. A-J Robert sometimes called "Ainé". meaning "the elder"

Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon. Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 186
km 115.6
Miles Duration: 6 h 40
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Dream Machine. Icare 105. Ballooning 1782-1972. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1785-01-07 Pilot: Jean-Pierre Blanchard 1753-1809 FRA

Copilot: Dr John Jeffries Passengers:

First crossing of the Channel. First international air letter.

Dover to Forèt de Guines. Calais


Aerostat: Blanchard. Hydrogen balloon. Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 1 h 30
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Ballooning 1782-1982 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1785-01-19 Pilot: Richard Crosbie 1755-1800 IRE

Copilot: Passengers:

First ascent in Ireland

From Ranelagh. near Dublin to the coast


Aerostat: Crosbie hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics in Great Britain. Ballooning 1782.1972 Updated: 2003-03-27
Date 1785-06-15 Pilot: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier 1757-1785 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First fatality.

First attempt to cross from France to England

Balloon burst in flames

Aerostat: Rozière. Hydrogen and hot air. Rozière Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 1500
meter

Source: Who's who in aviation history Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1785-06-29 Pilot: George Biggin 1760-1803 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

First English woman to ascend. Passenger Mrs Letitia A. Sage

London (Saint George's field) to Harrow Common


Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 650
m3

Distance 48
km 29.8
Miles Duration: 1 h 55
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Histoire de l'Aeronautique. History of Aeronautics in GB. Romance of Ballooning. Icare 105. The story of Vincenzo Lunardi. Five aerial voyages Updated: 1996-10-23
Date 1785-07-11 Pilot: Jean-Pierre Blanchard 1753-1809 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First ascent in Holland

The Hague


Aerostat: Blanchard. hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 2003-03-28
Date 1785-08-26 Pilot: Jean-Pierre Blanchard 1753-1809 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight over 200 km distance.

Lille to Servon (St-Menehould or Melun)

Probably first flight over 200 km straight line.

Aerostat: Blanchard. Hydrogen balloon. Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 252
km 156.6
Miles Duration: 7 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Icare 105. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Ballooning 1782-1982. Romance of Ballooning Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1785-09-08 Pilot: Thomas Baldwin 1750?-1810 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

First Aerial view published. trail rope first described

Solo flight by Thomas Baldwin.

Described in "Airopaidia" 1786.

Aerostat: Lunardi Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics in GB. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1785-10-03 Pilot: Jean-Pierre Blanchard 1753-1809 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First free balloon flight in Germany

Frankfurt am Main


Aerostat: Blanchard. Hydrogen balloon. Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Der Freiballon 1:2001. Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 2003-03-21
Date 1785-10-20 Pilot: Jean-Pierre Blanchard 1753-1809 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First balloon flight in Belgium

Ghent. Belgium


Aerostat: Blanchard. Hydrogen balloon. Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: FAI 120. Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 2003-03-24
Date 1786-06-18 Pilot: Pierre Testu-Brissy 1770?-1829 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First night ascent.

Paris to Breteuil

Date may be 10/11 June

Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. The Aeronauts. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1788-05-05 Pilot: Jean-Pierre Blanchard 1753-1809 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First balloon flight in Switzerland

Basel. Switzerland

A "Montgolfière" in some sources. False

Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Erwin A. Sautter Updated: 2002-03-13
Date 1789 Pilot: Antoine Lavoisier¹ 1743-1794 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Described combustion and proved that the Phlogiston theory is invalid

Founder of modern chemistry. member of the "Meter Commission"


Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Updated: 2002-07-24
Date 1790-05-14 Pilot: Jean-Pierre Blanchard 1753-1809 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight in Poland (at that time a part of Russia)

Warszaw


Aerostat: Blanchard. hot air balloon Hot Air Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 2003-03-24
Date 1790-08-12 Pilot: Vincent Lunardi 1759-1806 ITA

Copilot: Passengers:

First ascent in Spain

Madrid


Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 2003-03-28
Date 1790-10-31 Pilot: Jean-Pierre Blanchard 1753-1809 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First ascent in Czechoslovakia

Prague


Aerostat: Blanchard. hot air balloon Hot Air Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 2003-03-28
Date 1793-01-09 Pilot: Jean-Pierre Blanchard 1753-1809 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First free flight in USA by Blanchard

Landing Deptford. New Jersey


Aerostat: Blanchard. Hydrogen balloon. Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. BF 20:3 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1794-06-02 Pilot: Jean-Marie-Joseph Coutelle 1748-1835 FRA

Copilot: Gen. Radet Passengers:

First use of balloons in war.

Siege of Maubeuge

French army spotted beseiged Austrian troops

Aerostat: "Entreprenant". hydrogen. Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Histoire des Ballons. Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1998-07-31
Date 1794-06-23 Pilot: Jean-Marie-Joseph Coutelle 1748-1835 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First use of balloons in war.

Siege of Charleroi

French army spotted beseiged Austrian troops

Aerostat: "Entreprenant". hydrogen. Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: FAI 120 Updated: 1998-07-31
Date 1794-06-26 Pilot: Jean-Marie-Joseph Coutelle 1748-1835 FRA

Copilot: Gen. Morlot Passengers:

First use of balloons in war.

Battle of Fleurus


Aerostat: "Entreprenant". hydrogen. Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Histoire des Ballons. Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1794-08-24 Pilot: Vincent Lunardi 1759-1806 ITA

Copilot: Passengers:

First ascent in Portugal

Lisbon


Aerostat: Gas balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 2003-03-28
Date 1797-10-22 Pilot: André Jacques Garnerin 1770-1825 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First parachute descent from a balloon.



Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Garnerin - Le Premier Parachutiste Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1798-10-16 Pilot: Pierre Testu-Brissy 1770?-1829 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First ascent with a horse.

At Monceau


Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1798-11-10 Pilot: Jeanne Geneviève Garnerin (Miss Labrosse) 1779-1847 FRA

Copilot: Miss Henry Passengers:

First all female crew. Paris

Also claimed to have been first woman to parachute (1802-09. England. Rechs)


Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Garnerin - Le Premier Parachutiste. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1799-07-18 Pilot: Edward Daniel Clarke¹ 1769-1822 GBR

Copilot: Unmanned Passengers:

First balloon flight north of the arctic circle

Enontekiö. northern Finland. (N68.23. E23.38). Until 1809 a part of Sweden

Unmanned hot air balloon. Clarke was an English mineralogist and traveller

Aerostat: Hot air balloon Hot Air Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ikarus 1941 Updated: 2004-03-23
Date 1802-06-28 Pilot: André Jacques Garnerin 1770-1825 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

High speed flight. Average speed over 100 km/h.

London to Colchester. 110 km/h


Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 82
km 51
Miles Duration: 0 h 45
min Altitude: 4500
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics in GB. Ballooning 1782-1972. Garnerin - Le Premier Parachutiste Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1803-07-18 Pilot: Etienne Gaspar Robertson 1763-1837 BEL

Copilot: Auguste Lhoëst Passengers:

First expressly scientific ascent.

Hamburg to Hannover

Altitude claimed by pilot. French Academy admits maximum 6 500

Aerostat: "Entreprenant". hydrogen. Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 7170
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972: 7 170 m. Freiballonsport in Deutschland p8: 7 400 m Updated: 2003-03-27
Date 1803-10-04 Pilot: André Jacques Garnerin 1770-1825 FRA

Copilot: M. Aubert Passengers:

First flight in Russia. first over 300 km.

Moscow to Polova


Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 302
km 187.7
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Freiballonsport in Deutschland p8. Garnerin - Le Premier Parachutiste Updated: 2003-03-27
Date 1803 Pilot: Jordaki Kuparentko 1780?-1820 RUS

Copilot: Passengers:

Demonstration of a hot air balloon in Lithuania

Vilnius

Kuparentko was Moldavian

Aerostat: Hot Air Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gunars Dukste Updated: 2004-03-29
Date 1804-04-24 Pilot: Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac 1778-1850 FRA

Copilot: Jean Baptiste Biot Passengers:

First verified flight over 3000 meters.



Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 3977
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Freiballonsport in Deutschland p8 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1804-07-24 Pilot: Jordaki Kuparentko 1780?-1820 RUS

Copilot: Passengers:

First pilot to save his life by parachute.

Balloon caught fire over Warsaw.


Aerostat: Hot Air Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. The Aeronauts. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1804-08-18 Pilot: Etienne Gaspar Robertson 1763-1837 BEL

Copilot: Passengers:

First manned gas balloon flight in Latvia

Riga to Jaunrotkali (Nagelhoff)

Ascent witnessed by André Jacques Garnerin

Aerostat: Hydrogen Balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 32
km 20
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Nordisches Archiv 1804. Gunars Dukste Updated: 2004-03-29
Date 1804-09-19 Pilot: Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac 1778-1850 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First verified flight over 7000 meters.



Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 7016
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Freiballonsport in Deutschland Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1804-12-06 Pilot: André Jacques Garnerin¹ 1770-1825 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Unmanned balloons released to celebrate Napoleon's coronation.

One lands in Rome on Nero's grave.

Garnerin replaced as official aeronaut by superstitious Napoleon. Date sometimes given as 16/12

Aerostat: Unmanned. Hydrogen. Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 1109
km 689.1
Miles Duration: 22 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Garnerin - Le Premier Parachutiste Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1806-09-07 Pilot: Etienne Gaspar Robertson 1763-1837 BEL

Copilot: Passengers:

First gas balloon flight in Sweden

Humlegården. Stockholm. Landed same place after 4 minutes

Not sure if he actually flew free

Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 4
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Kernell Updated: 2002-01-30
Date 1807-09-23 Pilot: André Jacques Garnerin 1770-1825 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight over 200 miles.

Reims to Clausen (Germany)

Garnerin: almost 400 km. Straight line distance about 250 km

Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 396
km 246.1
Miles Duration: 6 h 55
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Freiballonsport in Deutschland. Garnerin - Le Premier Parachutiste Updated: 1998-07-30
Date 1808-06-02 Pilot: Johann Peter Colding¹ 1760?-1825 DEN

Copilot: Passengers:

First domestic air mail service starts in Denmark.

Ends after four unmanned flights


Aerostat: Colding. Hydrogen balloon. Unmanned Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: The History of Airmail in Scandinavia. Ballooning 1782-1972. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1808-08 Pilot: Pascal Andreoli 1780?-1830 ITA

Copilot: Carlo Brioschi Passengers:

First flight over 7 500 meters.

Rolt: Altitude doubtful but world record for a balloon catching fire


Aerostat: Hydrogen/Hot Air balloon Rozière Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 7600
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1809-02/03 Pilot: Johann Peter Colding¹ 1760?-1825 DEN

Copilot: Passengers:

First international mail balloons.

Denmark to Sweden with pamphlets against the Swedish King


Aerostat: Colding. Hydrogen balloon. Unmanned Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: The History of Airmail in Scandinavia. Ballooning 1782-1972. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1809 Pilot: Etienne Gaspar Robertson 1763-1837 BEL

Copilot: Passengers:

First manned gas balloon flight in Latvia

Riga to Jaunrotkali (Nagelhoff)

Ascent witnessed by André Jacques Garnerin

Aerostat: Hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gunars Dukste Updated: 2004-03-29
Date 1810-06-21 Pilot: Marie Madeleine Sophie Armant Blanchard 1774-1819 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First woman to die in a balloon accident.

Fireworks under basket set balloon on fire

Tethered ascent on Champ de Mars. Wedding of Napoleon and Marie-Louise

Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: FAI 120 Updated: 1998-07-31
Date 1811-10-07 Pilot: James Gross Sadler 1751-1828 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

High speed flight. Average speed 135 km/h.

Average speed 135 km/h. From Birmingham


Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 180
km 111.8
Miles Duration: 1 h 20
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics in GB. Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1815-08-25 Pilot: Elisabeth Garnerin 1800-1845 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First woman parachutist. Elisa Garnerin

Elisa Garnerin. ascends at Champ de Mars. Paris

May have been (only) a balloon flight. not parachute jump

Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Who's Who B. FFA Updated: 1998-12-16
Date 1817-07-22 Pilot: William Windham Sadler 1796-1824 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

First crossing of the Irish Sea

Portobello Barracks. Dublin 13:30 to Holyhead 19:05


Aerostat: Hydrogen balloon Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 5 h 35
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics in GB Updated: 2000-11-17
Date 1821-07-19 Pilot: Charles Green 1785-1870 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

First use of coal gas.

Royal Coronation balloon


Aerostat: Green. "George IV". Coal gas. Gas Balloon Volume: 453
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 40
min Altitude: 3400
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics in GB. Ballooning 1782-1972. Freiballonsport in Deutschland Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1822-04-27 Pilot: FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First Certificate of Airworthiness

Authorities in Paris require inspections of hot air balloons.

If for no other reason than balloons are driven by fire. and are flammable.

Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Air Law 1 (4th ed. 1977) Updated: 2002-03-12
Date 1822-05-05 Pilot: GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

Balloons banned to fly over Durham. UK

Aviation law holds that those who set things into the air are liable when those things come down on the heads of others


Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Air & Space. May-June 1979 Updated: 2000-03-15
Date 1835-02-12 Pilot: Eugene Robertson BEL

Copilot: Passengers:

First ascent in Mexico

Mexico City


Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 2003-03-27
Date 1835-04-08 Pilot: Richard Clayton 1800?-1860 USA

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight over 500 km.

Cincinnati to Monroe County. Virginia


Aerostat: "Star of the West" Gas Balloon Volume: 510
m3

Distance 563
km 349.8
Miles Duration: 9 h 30
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. The Eagle Aloft. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1835-07-04 Pilot: Richard Clayton 1800?-1860 USA

Copilot: Passengers:

First mail carried in an American balloon.

From Cincinnati to Waverly. Ohio.

Reported as first transatlantic attempt but balloon too small for such. Solo flight

Aerostat: "Star of the West" Gas Balloon Volume: 510
m3

Distance 120
km 74.6
Miles Duration: 6 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. The Eagle Aloft. Who's Who B Updated: 1999-09-15
Date 1836-10-06 Pilot: Charles Green 1785-1870 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight with 10 passengers

Green's 224th ascent

Hist GB: 11 passengers 1836-09-21

Aerostat: "Royal Vauxhall". Coal gas Gas Balloon Volume: 1980
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1836-11-08 Pilot: Charles Green 1785-1870 GBR

Copilot: Robert Hollond. Thomas Monck-Mason Passengers:

First flight over 600 km. First use of drag rope.

From London to Weilburg. Nassau. Germany.

Trail-rope described by Baldwin 1786 in Airopaidia (Hist. of Aeronautics in GB)

Aerostat: "Royal Vauxhall". Coal gas Gas Balloon Volume: 1980
m3

Distance 608
km 377.8
Miles Duration: 18 h 0
min Altitude: 3600
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics in GB. Ballooning 1782-1972. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Freiballonsport in Deutschland (608 km) Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1837-07-24 Pilot: Charles Green 1785-1870 GBR

Copilot: Edward Spencer Passengers:

Robert Cocking killed in parachute descent.

Balloon exceeded 23 000 ft (7 100 m)


Aerostat: "Royal Nassau". ex "Royal Vauxhall". Gas Balloon Volume: 1980
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 7127
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics in GB. Ballooning 1782-1972. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Freiballonsport in Deutschland Updated: 1996-10-24
Date 1838-09-10 Pilot: Charles Green 1785-1870 GBR

Copilot: George Rush Passengers:

Altitude flight

6 203 m (Hist A in GB)


Aerostat: "Royal Nassau". ex "Royal Vauxhall". Gas Balloon Volume: 1980
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 8275
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1839-04-27 Pilot: John Wise 1808-1879 USA

Copilot: Passengers:

First use of Rip Panel



Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Freiballonsport in Deutschland Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1840-08 Pilot: Charles Green 1785-1870 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

First time Green publicly mentions Atlantic crossing by balloon.

Green announces plans to fly from the new world to the old.


Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics in GB. Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1996-10-24
Date 1844-04-13 Pilot: Thomas Monck-Mason¹ 1803-1889 GBR

Copilot: Robert Hollond Passengers:

New York Sun prints Edgar Allan Poe's hoax.

Claimed to have flown from North Wales to South Carolina.


Aerostat: "Victoria" Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 75 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1845-06-12 Pilot: Antonio Comaschi ITA

Copilot: Passengers:

First ascent in Turkey

Constantinople


Aerostat: Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 2003-03-27
Date 1849-06- Pilot: AUT

Copilot: Passengers:

Austrians load 100 small hot air balloons with fused bombs

Siege of Venice


Aerostat: Unmanned. Hot Air Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1849-09-03 Pilot: Francois Arban 1815-1849 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First Alpine crossing.

Marseilles to Stubini (Stupinigi) near Turin

Flown distance about 644 km - 400 miles. Pilot later disappeared over the Mediterrenean 1849-10-07

Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 260
km 161.6
Miles Duration: 9 h 0
min Altitude: 4572
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Freiballonsport in Deutschland. Who's Who B Updated: 2002-03-04
Date 1852-06-10 Pilot: John Wise 1808-1879 USA

Copilot: Passengers:

First discovery of ancient structures by aerial observation.

Chillicothe. Ohio.


Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1852-09-13 Pilot: Charles Green 1785-1870 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

First pilot to make 500 ascents

First ascent July 19th. 1821. Total number of flights 526-527. (Some sources say over 1400)


Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. The Aeronauts. History of Aeronautics in Great Britain. Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1852-09-24 Pilot: Henri Giffard 1825-1882 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First successful airship flight.

Hippodrome. Paris to Elancourt. near Trappes


Aerostat: Giffard. Coal gas. Semi-Rigid Airship Volume: 2500
m3

Distance 40
km 24.9
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 1800
meter

Source: Ballooning 78:2 p 11. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Historic Airships Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1858- Pilot: Gaspard-Félix Tournachon ("Nadar") 1820-1910 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First aerial photograph.

Petit-Bicêtre. Paris


Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1859- Pilot: Thaddeus Sobieski Constantine Lowe 1832-1913 USA

Copilot: Passengers:

Atlantic balloon. New York gas supply is inadequate.

Balloon later renamed "Great Western"


Aerostat: "City of New York". Coal gas. Gas Balloon Volume: 20500
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Thaddeus Lowe. The Eagle Aloft. Updated: 2002-07-30
Date 1859- Pilot: FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Earliest known photo of an aerostat.

Industry exhibition. Paris.

Photo of dirigible constructed by Camille Vert

Aerostat: "Camille Vert" Airship Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1998-06-07
Date 1859-07-02 Pilot: John Wise 1808-1879 USA

Copilot: John La Mountain Passengers:

First flight over 1 000 km.

St. Louis to Henderson. New York.

Distance 809 mi (1302) or 1292

Aerostat: "The Atlantic" Gas Balloon Volume: 3400
m3

Distance 1292
km 802.8
Miles Duration: 20 h 40
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Freiballonsport in Deutschland P8. GB92 Updated: 2001-10-22
Date 1859-09-22 Pilot: John La Mountain 1830-1878 USA

Copilot: J. A. Haddock Passengers:

Long distance flight.

Watertown. New York to 150 miles north of Ottawa.

Landed in Canadian wilderness. Returned after one month.

Aerostat: "The Atlantic" Gas Balloon Volume: 3400
m3

Distance 410
km 254.8
Miles Duration: 14 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1861-04-20 Pilot: Thaddeus Sobieski Constantine Lowe 1832-1913 USA

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight over 1 000 miles. (False claim)

Cincinnati to Pea Ridge. S Carolina. To prove possibility of Atlantic flight.

False claim. Max 700km straight line. 1000km total. Intermediate landing 600 (800) km

Aerostat: "Enterprise" Gas Balloon Volume: 567
m3

Distance 1000
km 621.4
Miles Duration: 9 h 0
min Altitude: 3300
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Thaddeus Lowe. The Eagle Aloft Updated: 2002-03-02
Date 1861-06-18 Pilot: Thaddeus Sobieski Constantine Lowe 1832-1913 USA

Copilot: Herbert Robinson. telegraph operator Passengers:

First telegraph message from the air.

To President Lincoln


Aerostat: "Enterprise" Gas Balloon Volume: 567
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 1 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Thaddeus Lowe. The Eagle Aloft Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1861-07-16 Pilot: John Wise 1808-1879 USA

Copilot: Passengers:

First military aircraft.

John Wise builds basket with sheet-iron floor.


Aerostat: Wise Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1996-07-30
Date 1862-09-05 Pilot: James Glashier 1809-1903 GBR

Copilot: Henry Tracey Coxwell Passengers:

First flight over 9 000 meters.

From Wolverhampton

Pilots loose consciousness but survive. FB p8: 10 000. H del'A: >8000

Aerostat: "Mammoth". Coal gas. Gas Balloon Volume: 2634
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 9144
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Freiballonsport in Deutschland. History of Aeronautics in Great Britain Updated: 1998-06-04
Date 1863-10-19 Pilot: Gaspard-Félix Tournachon ("Nadar") 1820-1910 FRA

Copilot: Louis and Jules Godard Passengers:

Stormy flight by "Nadar's" "Le Geant".

Paris to Hannover


Aerostat: "Le Geant" Gas Balloon Volume: 6000
m3

Distance 0
km 397.7
Miles Duration: 16 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Freiballonsport in Deutschland. The Aeronauts. Histoire de Ballons. Dollfus Updated: 1996-10-27
Date 1864-06- Pilot: Eugène Godard 1827-1890 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Ascents of "L'Aigle" 14 000 m3.

In London 1965


Aerostat: Godard. "L'Aigle" Hot Air Balloon Volume: 14000
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Icare 105. History of Aeronautics in Great Britain Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1865-11-08 Pilot: Thaddeus Sobieski Constantine Lowe 1832-1913 USA

Copilot: Passengers:

First balloon honeymoon.

Manhattan to Mt Vernon. NY

Rev H. W. Beecher refused to perform the planned wedding ceremony aloft.

Aerostat: "United States" Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 20
km 12.4
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Thaddeus Lowe. The Eagle Aloft Updated: 1998-06-07
Date 1867- Pilot: Henri Giffard 1825-1882 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Ballon Captif at Exposision Universelle in Paris



Aerostat: Giffard. Hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 5000
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Histoire des Ballons. Histoire de L'Aeronautique Updated: 1996-10-27
Date 1868- Pilot: Henri Giffard 1825-1882 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Ballon Captif in London



Aerostat: Giffard. Hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 10500
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Histoire des Ballons. Histoire de L'Aeronautique Updated: 1996-10-27
Date 1869- Pilot: Henri Giffard 1825-1882 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Ballon Captif in London



Aerostat: Giffard. Hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 12000
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Histoire des Ballons. Histoire de L'Aeronautique Updated: 1996-10-27
Date 1870-03-26 Pilot: Charles Green 1785-1870 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

Charles Green dies.

Has made 526 flights. ( 527 according History of Aeronautics p260)


Aerostat: Gas Balloons Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics Updated: 1996-07-30
Date 1870-09-23 Pilot: Claude-Jules Durouf (Dufour) 1841-1898 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First balloon to leave Paris during the siege

125 kg mail


Aerostat: "Le Neptune" Gas Balloon Volume: 1495
m3

Distance 60
km 37.3
Miles Duration: 3 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1996-07-30
Date 1870-11-24 Pilot: Paul Rolier 1844-1918 FRA

Copilot: Léonard Bézier Passengers:

First North Sea crossing.

Paris to Lifjell. Norway

One of 66 balloons to leave Paris during the Siege

Aerostat: "La Ville d'Orleans" Gas Balloon Volume: 1994
m3

Distance 1246
km 774.2
Miles Duration: 14 h 45
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Icare 56 Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1871-01-28 Pilot: Auguste Tristan FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Last balloon to leave Paris during the siege

66 manned. one unmanned left Paris during the siege

20 kg mail and many carrier pidgeons

Aerostat: "Le General Cambronne" Gas Balloon Volume: 1994
m3

Distance 140
km 87
Miles Duration: 7 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Paris Par Moulins. Icare 56 Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1872-12-13 Pilot: Paul Hänlein -1905 AUT

Copilot: Passengers:

First use of internal gas combustion engine for dirigible


Berlin

Aerostat: Hänlein Gas Airship Volume: 2400
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Histoire de l'Aeronautique Updated: 1998-06-07
Date 1873-10-06 Pilot: Washington Harrison Donaldson 1840-1875 USA

Copilot: Alfred Ford. George Ashton Hunt Passengers:

Atlantic attempt.

Capitoline Grounds. Brooklyn to New Canaan. Connecticut


Aerostat: "New Graphic" Gas Balloon Volume: 8495.05
m3

Distance 65
km 40.4
Miles Duration: 4 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Donaldson's Balloon Ascensions. The Eagle Aloft Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1874-10-19 Pilot: Washington Harrison Donaldson 1840-1875 USA

Copilot: Rev. Howard B Jeffries Passengers:

First aerial Wedding.

Cincinnati Hippodrome

50 000 spectators witnessed the ascent

Aerostat: "P. T. Barnum" Gas Balloon Volume: 1415.84
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Donaldson's Balloon Ascensions. The Eagle Aloft Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1875-03-25 Pilot: Eugène Godard 1827-1890 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First crossing of the Pyrénée Mountains



Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Icare 105 Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1875-04-15 Pilot: Gaston Tissandier 1843-1899 FRA

Copilot: Théodore Sivel. Joesph Croce-Spinelli Passengers:

Altitude flight. Sivel and Croce-Spinelli dies.



Aerostat: "Zenith" Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 9144
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1877-05-21 Pilot: Baba Shimpachi JPN

Copilot: Passengers:

First gas balloon flight in Japan. tethered

At Tsukiji Tokyo. Japan


Aerostat: Homebuilt gas balloon. hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 382
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Sabu Ichiyoshi 2002-01-26 Updated: 2002-01-30
Date 1878- Pilot: Henri Giffard 1825-1882 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Ballon Captif at Cour du Carrousel in Paris

Carried 35.000 passengers between 10 july and 4 Nov


Aerostat: Giffard. Hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 25000
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Histoire des Ballons. Histoire de L'Aeronautique. Le Grand Ballon a Vapeur Updated: 1996-10-27
Date 1880-June Pilot: Henry Coxwell 1819-1900 GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

First pilot to make 1000 gas balloon ascents

Henry Coxwell probably made around 1100 flights total

Last flight 17th June 1885

Aerostat: Gas Balloons Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Der Freiballon Aktuell 90:6. History of Aeronautics in Great Britain. Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1996-07-30
Date 1882-07-04 Pilot: Park A. Van Tassel USA

Copilot: Reporter Mr. Moore could not fly due lack of lift Passengers:

First balloon flight in New Mexico

From Gold/2nd street at 18:15 to a cornfield near Fairgrounds. Old Town

Van Tassel was a Barkeeper and called himself a "Professor"

Aerostat: "City of Albuquerque". Coal gas Gas Balloon Volume: 850
m3

Distance 0
km 4330
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: The Sunday Journal. Oct 10. 1999 Updated: 2004-03-28
Date 1884-08-09 Pilot: Charles Renard 1847-1905 FRA

Copilot: Arthur-Konstantin Krebs 1847-1935 Passengers:

First controlled airship flight.

Chalais-Meudon to Villacoublay and return

Electric engine. Top speed about 20 kmh

Aerostat: Renard-Krebs "La France" Gas Airship Volume: 1864
m3

Distance 8
km 5
Miles Duration: 0 h 23
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Who's Who A. Historic Airships Updated: 1998-06-07
Date 1885- Pilot: François-Louis Godard 1829-1885 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Considered to have made over 1000 gas balloon ascents

Brother of Pierre-Eugène and Jules Godard


Aerostat: Gas Balloons Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Der Freiballon Aktuell 90:6 Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1885- Pilot: Jules Godard 1839-1885 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Considered to have made over 1000 gas balloon ascents

Brother of Pierre-Eugène and François-Louis Godard


Aerostat: Gas Balloons Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Der Freiballon Aktuell 90:6 Updated: 1998-12-16
Date 1886-09-13 Pilot: Henry Hervé -1922 FRA

Copilot: Gaston Alluard Passengers:

First flight over 24 hours.

Boulogne to Yarmouth

From Boulogne-Sur-Mer to Great Yarmouth

Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 210
km 130.5
Miles Duration: 24 h 10
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Freiballonsport in Deutschland. Dollfus Updated: 1998-12-16
Date 1889-11-17 Pilot: Louis Godard 1858-1933 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Twenty persons in a free balloon

Free flight after tether at Place Trocadero. Paris


Aerostat: Coal gas Gas Balloon Volume: 3000
m3

Distance 0
km 25.5
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: FFA Updated: 1998-12-16
Date 1890- Pilot: Pierre-Eugène Godard 1827-1890 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Considered to have made over 1000 gas balloon ascents

Brother of François-Louis and Jules Godard


Aerostat: Gas Balloons Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Der Freiballon Aktuell 90:6 Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1894 Pilot: Ludwig Knie SUI

Copilot: Friedrich Knie (son of Ludwig Knie) Passengers:

First Hot Air Balloon in Switzerland

Demonstration of circus stunts under a hot air balloon


Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Erwin A. Sautter (Ill. Circus-Zeitung 1938) Updated: 2002-03-13
Date 1897-07-11 Pilot: Salomon August Andrée 1854-1897 SWE

Copilot: Nils Strindberg. Knut Fraenkel Passengers:

First manned arctic flight. first aerial exploration.

From Danskön. Svalbard to 82.55.7N 29.32E.

Remains of expedition was found 1930. All had perished 1897

Aerostat: Lachambre. "Örnen". hydrogen. Gas Balloon Volume: 4800
m3

Distance 475
km 295.2
Miles Duration: 65 h 35
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ingen fruktan. inget hopp. The flight of the Eagle Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1897-10 Pilot: Louis Godard 1858-1933 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Flight over 24 hours

From Leipzig to Tarnau in Silesia


Aerostat: Hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 3250
m3

Distance 325
km 201.9
Miles Duration: 24 h 15
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: FFA Updated: 1998-12-16
Date 1897-11-03 Pilot: Ernst Jaegels GER

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight of a rigid (metal outer cover) airship.

Unsuccessful flight. transmission failure


Aerostat: David Schwartz No 2 Rigid Airship (Metalclad) Volume: 3700
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 250
meter

Source: Rigid Airships 1893-1940 Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1898-10-03 Pilot: Eduard Spelterini (Schweizer) SUI

Copilot: Albert Heim. Julius Maurer. Dr. Biedermann Passengers:

First flight over the Swiss Alps

Sion. Switzerland to Rivière-le-Bois (56 km NE Dijon). France

Crossing Les Diablerets peaks. Switzerland

Aerostat: "Wega" Gas Balloon Volume: 3247.94
m3

Distance 220
km 136.7
Miles Duration: 5 h 45
min Altitude: 6888.48
meter

Source: UH95. BF 20:6 Updated: 2000-02-08
Date 1900-07-02 Pilot: Ferdinand Adolf August von Zeppelin. Count 1838-1917 GER

Copilot: Von Bassus. E Wolff. Eisele. Gross Passengers:

First successful flight of a rigid airship



Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 1. Hydrogen. Rigid Airship Volume: 11300
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 18
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Giants in the Sky. Zeppelin Rigid Airships 1893-1940. Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1900-09-20 Pilot: Henry de La Vaulx. Count 1870-1930 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight from France to Russia.

Long distance

Count de la Vaulx was founder of FAI

Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 1237
km 768.6
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1998-12-16
Date 1900-09-23 Pilot: Jacques Balsan 1870?-1930 FRA

Copilot: Louis Godard Passengers:

Altitude flight

7925m (26 000ft) in B 1782-1982


Aerostat: "Le Saint Louis" Gas Balloon Volume: 3000
m3

Distance 8558
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Who's Who B. FFA Updated: 1998-12-16
Date 1900-10-09 Pilot: Henry de La Vaulx. Count 1870-1930 FRA

Copilot: Count de Castillon de Saint-Victor Passengers:

Long distance flight.

France to Kiev

Founder of FAI

Aerostat: "Centaure" Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 1925
km 1196.1
Miles Duration: 35 h 45
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1998-12-16
Date 1901-07-31 Pilot: Arthur Joseph Berson 1870?-1930 GER

Copilot: R. J. Süring Passengers:

First flight over 10 000 meters.



Aerostat: "Preussen". hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 8400
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 10800
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Freiballonsport in Deutschland. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1901-10-19 Pilot: Alberto Santos-Dumont 1873-1932 BRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Winner of the Deutsch Prize.

First flight from the Aeroclub round the Eiffel tower and back.

Prize set up by Henri Deutsch de la Meurthe

Aerostat: Santos-Dumont No 6. Hydrogen. Gas Airship Volume: 622
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 30
min Altitude: 350
meter

Source: My Airships (Os Meus Baloes). A study in Obsession Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1902-09-22 Pilot: Stanley Spencer GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

First successful airship in Britain

Crystal Palace. London to Eastcote


Aerostat: Spencer. "Evening News". 3 hp Sims Gas Airship Volume: 566
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 1 h 40
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Battlebags Updated: 1998-09-01
Date 1906-10-01 Pilot: Frank P. Lahm 1877- USA

Copilot: Henry B. Hersey Passengers:

1st Coupe Aeronautique Gordon Bennett. 1st place

Paris (Jardin des Tuileries). France. to Fylingdales. Yorkshire. UK

Long distance race. the oldest aviation race still flown. 15 balloons. 1 airship

Aerostat: "United States" 15 balloons and 1 airship Volume: 2080
m3

Distance 647.1
km 402.1
Miles Duration: 22 h 15
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1906-11-11 Pilot: Mr. Usuelli ITA

Copilot: Crespi Passengers:

First crossing of the Alps from Italy to France

First flight over Mont Blanc

Milan. Italy to Aix-les-Bains. France

Aerostat: "Citta di Milano". Coal gas Gas Balloon Volume: 2000.02
m3

Distance 257
km 159.7
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 5200
meter

Source: BF 20:6 Updated: 2000-02-08
Date 1907-09-02 Pilot: Walter Wellman 1858-1934 USA

Copilot: Vaniman. Felix Reisenberg Passengers:

First Airship Polar Expedition

Volume doubtful. Dimensions given indicate about 3000m3


Aerostat: Godard "America" Gas Airship Volume: 7800
m3

Distance 56
km 34.8
Miles Duration: 2 h 35
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: The Motor Balloon America Updated: 1996-10-27
Date 1907-10-13 Pilot: Augustus E. Gaudron 1860?-1920 GBR

Copilot: J L Tannar. C C Turner Passengers:

First West-East North Sea crossing.

London to Tösse. Sweden


Aerostat: "Mammouth". Coal gas Gas Balloon Volume: 3058.22
m3

Distance 1130
km 702.1
Miles Duration: 19 h 5
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: History of Aeronautics in GB. The Old Flying Days. Who's Who B Updated: 1998-06-10
Date 1907-10-23 Pilot: Oscar Erbslöh 1879-1910 GER

Copilot: Henry Helm Clayton (USA) Passengers:

2nd Gordon Bennett race 1907. 1st place

St. Louis (Forest Park). Missuori. to Bradley Beach. New Jersey. USA


Aerostat: "Pommern" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1403.55
km 872.1
Miles Duration: 40 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1908-06-30 Pilot: Victor de Beauclair OK

Copilot: Konrad Falke Passengers:

Alpine crossing

From Eiger Glacier station (2523 m - 8277 ft) to Gignese. Italy


Aerostat: "Cognac" Gas Balloon Volume: 2310.65
m3

Distance 89
km 55.3
Miles Duration: 21 h 0
min Altitude: 2523
meter

Source: BF 20:6 Updated: 2000-02-08
Date 1908-10-14 Pilot: Theodor Schaeck 1856-1911 SUI

Copilot: Emil Messner Passengers:

3rd Gordon Bennett race 1908. 1st place. North Sea crossing

Berlin (Schmargendorf). Germany to S/S CIMRA. 12 km west Bergset. Norway

Longer distances and durations quoted sometimes. Landing was disputed

Aerostat: "Helvetia". Hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1190
km 739.4
Miles Duration: 73 h 1
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list. Record file Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1909-xx-xx Pilot: Mark O. Anthony OK

Copilot: Passengers:

Radio-controlled airship model demonstration



Aerostat: Airship model Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: The father of British Airships Updated: 1998-09-01
Date 1909-05-31 Pilot: Ferdinand Adolf August von Zeppelin. Count 1838-1917 GER

Copilot: Passengers:

Long distance flight.

Bodensee - Bitterfeld - Göppingen

Landing and refuelling in Bitterfeld

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 5. Hydrogen Rigid Airship Volume: 15000
m3

Distance 0
km 741.9
Miles Duration: 38 h 40
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Zeppelin: Rigid Airships. Das Grosse Luftschiffbuch. The Zeppelin Story Updated: 2000-11-10
Date 1909-10-05 Pilot: Edgar W. Mix 1867-1911 USA

Copilot: Andre Roussel Passengers:

4th Gordon Bennett race 1909. 1st place

Zurich (Schlieren). Switzerland to Ostroleka (NO Warszawa) Poland


Aerostat: "America II" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1121.11
km 696.6
Miles Duration: 35 h 7
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1909-10-26 Pilot: Marie Marvingt 1875-1963 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight from the continent to England by a woman

Nancy. France to Southwold. Suffolk

First crossing of the English Channel/North Sea by a woman pilot

Aerostat: "L'Etoile Filant" Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 516
km 321
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: David Lam. Web Updated: 2003-11-07
Date 1910-05-16 Pilot: Gustaf von Hofsten SWE

Copilot: Passengers:

Unofficial World Duration record.

Stockholm-Riga-Gotland

Failure of NAC to supply correct documentation

Aerostat: Riedinger. "Andrée". Coal gas. Gas Balloon Volume: 1500
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 33 h 20
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Swedish Aeronautic Society Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1910-06-28 Pilot: Capt. Kahlenberg GER

Copilot: Passengers:

First Zeppelin passenger flight.

DELAG operated between June 1910 and July 1914

Carried 34 000 passengers on 1 588 flights during 3 175 hours over 172 525 km without injury.

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 7. "Deutschland". Hydrogen. Rigid Airship Volume: 19300
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Giants in the Sky. Zeppelin: Rigid Airships Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1910-08-22 Pilot: Raymond Phillips GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

Radio-controlled airship model demonstration.

Empire theatre. Cardiff


Aerostat: "Raymond Phillips" Airship model Volume: 8
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: The father of British Airships Updated: 1998-09-01
Date 1910-10-15 Pilot: Walter Wellman 1858-1934 USA

Copilot: Passengers:

First North Atlantic attempt by airship.

First radio distress call from aircraft

Unofficial distance record

Aerostat: Vaniman "America" enlarged Semi-Rigid Airship Volume: 9800
m3

Distance 1622
km 1007.9
Miles Duration: 86 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Who's who in aviation history. The motor balloon "America" Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1910-10-16 Pilot: Alphonse Clement FRA

Copilot: Baudry. Leprince. Sabitier. Dilasser. Daire Passengers:

First Airship flight France to Britain

Paris to Wormwood Scrubs. London


Aerostat: Clement-Bayard II. "Daily Mail" Gas Airship Volume: 0
m3

Distance 396
km 246.1
Miles Duration: 6 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Battlebags Updated: 1998-09-01
Date 1910-10-19 Pilot: Alan R. Hawley USA

Copilot: Augustus Post Passengers:

5th Gordon Bennett race 1910. 1st place

St. Louis (Forest P). Missuori to Peribonca. Tschotogama Lake. Quebec. Canada

Spent 4 days on foot to reach a canadian timberman

Aerostat: "America II" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1887.6
km 1172.9
Miles Duration: 44 h 25
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1910-10-19 Pilot: Hans Gericke 1871-1912 GER

Copilot: Sanil F. Perkins (USA) Passengers:

5th Gordon Bennett race 1910. 2nd place

St. Louis Forest Park). Missuori to Kiskisink. Quebec. Canada


Aerostat: "Düsseldorf" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1814.5
km 1127.5
Miles Duration: 42 h 30
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1910-10-19 Pilot: Hugo von Abercron GER

Copilot: August Blanckertz Passengers:

5th Gordon Bennett race 1910. 3rd place

St. Louis (Forest Park). USA to Coocoocahe. Quebec. Canada

Spent 10 days on foot to reach civilization

Aerostat: "Germania" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1720
km 1068.8
Miles Duration: 39 h 7
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1910-11-04 Pilot: Ernest Thompson Willows 1886-1926 GBR

Copilot: Frank Widdenham Goodden. 1889-1917 Passengers:

First flight Britain to France.

Wormwood Scrubs. London 1525 to Corbehem. Douai 0200 next day

First Channel crossing by any British aircraft

Aerostat: Willows III. 35 hp JAP Gas Airship with boom Volume: 906
m3

Distance 250
km 155.3
Miles Duration: 10 h 30
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: The father of British Airships. Battlebags Updated: 1998-08-31
Date 1911-10-29 Pilot: Albert Omer-Decugis FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Charles Dollfus first balloon flight.



Aerostat: "Salammbo" Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Icare 105 Updated: 2001-10-14
Date 1911-10-06 Pilot: Hans Gericke 1871-1912 GER

Copilot: Otto Duncker Passengers:

6th Gordon Bennett race 1911. 1st place

Kansas City (Gasworks). USA to Holcombe. Wisconsin


Aerostat: "Berlin II". Light coal gas Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 757.84
km 470.9
Miles Duration: 12 h 28
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1912-09-19 Pilot: GER

Copilot: Passengers:

First flight with a gas airship over Sweden

Malmö

Overflight enroute from Copenhagen. Denmark

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ13. "Hansa" Rigid Airship Volume: 18700
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: SBF Updated: 2002-01-30
Date 1912-10-29 Pilot: Maurice Bienaimé FRA

Copilot: René Rumpelmayer Passengers:

7th Gordon Bennett. 1st place. First over 2000 km

Stuttgart (Cannstatter Wasen). Germany to Rybnoje. Ryazan. 150km SE Moscow. Russia


Aerostat: "La Picardie". coal gas Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 2191
km 1361.4
Miles Duration: 45 h 42
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Die Gordon Bennett. Der Freiballonsport in Deutschland Updated: 2000-02-15
Date 1912-10-29 Pilot: Alfred Leblanc 1869-1921 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

7th Gordon Bennett. 2nd place. First over 2000 km

Stuttgart (Cannstatter Wasen). Germany to Kaluga 150km S Moscow. Russia

Same day as Bienaimé flew slightly longer. Therefore no record

Aerostat: "Ile de France". coal gas Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 2001
km 1243.4
Miles Duration: 44 h 48
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Gordon Bennett Updated: 2003-06-17
Date 1912-10-29 Pilot: Harry E. Honeywell USA

Copilot: Passengers:

7th Gordon Bennett race 1912. 3rd place

Stuttgart (Cannstatter Wasen). Germany to Disna Sapadnaja. Russia

Spent a few days in Russian jail

Aerostat: "Uncle Sam" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1751
km 1088
Miles Duration: 37 h 6
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1912-10-29 Pilot: Victor de Beauclair SUI

Copilot: Walo Gerber Passengers:

7th Gordon Bennett race 1912. 4th place

Stuttgart (Cannstatter Wasen). Germany to Sapronzipi. Russia


Aerostat: "Zürich" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1523
km 946.3
Miles Duration: 35 h 42
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1912-10-29 Pilot: F. W. Lehnert AUT

Copilot: Passengers:

7th Gordon Bennett race 1912. 5th place

Stuttgart (Cannstatter Wasen). Germany to Rosenowskye. Russia


Aerostat: "Frankfurt" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1509
km 937.6
Miles Duration: 35 h 30
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1913-03-21 Pilot: René Rumpelmayer FRA

Copilot: Mrs Gustave Goldschmidt Passengers:

Distance record.

Paris to Charkow. Russia


Aerostat: "Stella" Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 2434
km 1512.4
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972 Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1913-03-xx Pilot: Ferdinand Eimermacher GER

Copilot: Passengers:

High speed flight. Average speed 148 km/h

Münster to East Preussia. Germany


Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 968
km 601.5
Miles Duration: 6 h 30
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: UH 1995 Updated: 2001-10-21
Date 1913-09-xx Pilot: GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

British speed record

82 km/h


Aerostat: HMA No 3. Astra-Torres XIV Gas Airship Volume: 7929
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Battlebags Updated: 1998-09-01
Date 1913-10-12 Pilot: Rene Rumpelmayer FRA

Copilot: Mme (Gustave) Goldschmidt Passengers:

First woman in Gordon Bennett

8th Gordon Bennett race 1913. 6th place

Paris (Jardin des Tuileries). France to

Aerostat: "Picardie" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 437
km 271.5
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1913-10-14 Pilot: Ralph M. Upson USA

Copilot: R.A.I. Preston Passengers:

8th Gordon Bennett race 1913. 1st place

Paris (Jardin des Tuileries). France to Bridlington. Yorkshire. UK


Aerostat: "Goodyear" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 618
km 384
Miles Duration: 43 h 30
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1913-12-17 Pilot: Hugo Kaulen 1869-1954 GER

Copilot: Alfred Schmitz Passengers:

Distance and Duration record.

Bitterfeld 13/12 to Myssi/Perm 17/12. Russia.

Duration record stands until 1978

Aerostat: "Duisburg". hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 1680
m3

Distance 2827
km 1756.6
Miles Duration: 87 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Die Gordon Bennett. Der Freiballonsport in Deutschland. FAI73 Updated: 1999-02-24
Date 1914-02-10 Pilot: Hans Rudolf Berliner 1876-1951 GER

Copilot: Alexander Haase Passengers:

First flight over 3000 km.

Bitterfeld to Kirgischan. Ural

Record stands until 1978

Aerostat: Siemens-Schuckert. hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 1680
m3

Distance 3053
km 1897.1
Miles Duration: 47 h 20
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Die Gordon Bennett. Der Freiballonsport in Deutschland. FAI73 Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1914-06-28 Pilot: Etienne Joseph Francois Joux 1886-1970 FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

World Endurance Record. closed circuit

Toul-Verdun-Sedan-Maubeuge-Compiègne-Paris-Lagny-Chalons-Toul

Start 27 June 06:16. Landing 28 June 17:35

Aerostat: Clement Bayard "Adjudant Vincenot" Semi-Rigid Airship Volume: 10000
m3

Distance 1234.69
km 767.2
Miles Duration: 35 h 19
min Altitude: 1860
meter

Source: Airship Saga. Airship. Boyant Flight 18:3 Updated: 2000-11-10
Date 1915-06-15 Pilot: Eberhard Lempertz. Dr 1882- GER

Copilot: Passengers:

First Zeppelin to complete 1 000 flights.



Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 11. "Victoria Luise". Hydrogen. Rigid Airship Volume: 18700
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: LZ 1 - Der erste Zeppelin. Das grosse Luftschiffbuch Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1916-06-24 Pilot: Eduardo Bradley ARG

Copilot: Angel Maria Zuloaga Passengers:

First flight across the Andes

Santiago de Chile to Uspallata. Mendoza. Argentina


Aerostat: "Edoardo Newbery" hydrogen Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 160
km 100
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Aerostat 99:6 Updated: 2004-03-28
Date 1917-06-28 Pilot: GBR

Copilot: Passengers:

British airship duration record.

Flight from Pulham


Aerostat: NS.1. Hydrogen Gas Airship Volume: 10195
m3

Distance 2471.95
km 1536
Miles Duration: 49 h 22
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: The British Airship at war. Battlebags Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1917-07-31 Pilot: Ernst Lehmann 1886-1937 GER

Copilot: German Army Passengers:

Around the Baltic in 101 hours without refuelling

Start at Seerappen. Germany. July 26th. landing at Seerappen July 30th


Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 90 (Army LZ120). Hydrogen Rigid Airship Volume: 55207
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Giants in he Sky. The Zeppelin in Combat Updated: 2003-12-18
Date 1917-11-25 Pilot: Ludwig Bockholt GER

Copilot: German Navy Passengers:

First Zeppelin flight south of the Tropic of Cancer.

Jamboli (Bulgaria) November 21st - Karthoum (East Africa) - Jamboli November 25th.

Distance is the total ground distance covered

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 104 (Navy L59). Hydrogen Rigid Airship Volume: 68490
m3

Distance 6760
km 4200.5
Miles Duration: 95 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Giants in he Sky. The Zeppelin in Combat Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1919-07-06 Pilot: George Herbert Scott. Major 1888-1930 GBR

Copilot: 29. one (Mj Pritchard) arriving USA by parachute Passengers:

First Atlantic crossing by airship (1st east-west by any aircraft).

East Fortune (UK) July 2nd - Mineola. Long Island. NY. July 6th.

Distance is the total ground distance covered

Aerostat: Beardmore HMA R34. Hydrogen Rigid Airship Volume: 55217.9
m3

Distance 5797
km 3602.1
Miles Duration: 108 h 12
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Airship R34 Updated: 2002-03-12
Date 1919-07-13 Pilot: George Herbert Scott. Major 1888-1930 GBR

Copilot: 29 Passengers:

First West-East North Atlantic crossing by airship.

Mineola. Long Island. NY. July 9th to Pulham (UK) July 13th.

Distance is the total ground distance covered

Aerostat: Beardmore HMA R34. Hydrogen Rigid Airship Volume: 55217.9
m3

Distance 6138
km 3814
Miles Duration: 73 h 3
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Airship R34 Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1920-10-25 Pilot: Ernest Demuyter 1893-1963 BEL

Copilot: M. Labrousse Passengers:

9th Gordon Bennett race 1920. 1st place

Birmingham. Alabama. USA to North Hero Island. Lake Champlain. Vermont. USA


Aerostat: Zodiac "Belgica" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1769
km 1099.2
Miles Duration: 40 h 15
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1920-10-25 Pilot: Harry E. Honeywell USA

Copilot: Passengers:

9th Gordon Bennett race 1920. 2nd place

Birmingham. Alabama. USA to Rutland. Vermont. USA

US duration record

Aerostat: "Uncle Sam" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1600
km 994.2
Miles Duration: 48 h 26
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-20
Date 1921-09-19 Pilot: Paul Armbruster SUI

Copilot: Louis Ansermier Passengers:

10th Gordon Bennett race 1921. 1st place

Brussels (Solbosch). Belgium to Lambay Island outside Dublin. Ireland


Aerostat: "Zürich" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 766
km 476
Miles Duration: 27 h 24
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-21
Date 1921-12-01 Pilot: USA

Copilot: Passengers:

First airship to fly filled with helium

Hampton. Va to Washington D.C. and back


Aerostat: US Navy C-7 Non-rigid Airship Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: BF18:4. BF19:2 Updated: 1999-08-15
Date 1922-08-07 Pilot: Ernest Demuyter 1893-1963 BEL

Copilot: Alexander Veenstra Passengers:

11th Gordon Bennett race 1922. 1st place

Geneva (Gasworks). Switzerland to Osnitca. Romania


Aerostat: Bemden/Schaut "Belgica" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1372.1
km 852.6
Miles Duration: 25 h 49
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-30
Date 1923-09-24 Pilot: Ernest Demuyter 1893-1963 BEL

Copilot: Leon Coeckelbergh Passengers:

12th Gordon Bennett race 1923. 1st place

Brussels (Solbosch). Belgium to Sköllersta. Sweden

3 balloons hit by lightning. Olmstead/Choptaw. USA. v Grüningen/Wehren. CH and Penerand. SP. died

Aerostat: Bemden/Schaut "Belgica" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1155
km 717.7
Miles Duration: 21 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-21
Date 1923-09-30 Pilot: Jean du Plessis de Grenedan FRA

Copilot: French Navy Passengers:

Unofficial Wold duration Record.

Cuers. Toulon - Touggourt - Cuers - Paris


Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 114 "Dixmude". Hydrogen. Ex German Navy "L72" Rigid Airship Volume: 68490
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 118 h 41
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Giants in the Sky Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1924-06-17 Pilot: Ernest Demuyter 1893-1963 BEL

Copilot: Leon Coeckelbergh Passengers:

13th Gordon Bennett race 1924. 1st place

Brussels (Solbosch). Belgium to St. Abbs Head. Scotland

First trophy won by Belgium

Aerostat: Bemden/Schaut "Belgica" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 714
km 443.7
Miles Duration: 43 h 16
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-21
Date 1925-06-09 Pilot: Alexander Veenstra BEL

Copilot: Philippe Quersin Passengers:

14th Gordon Bennett race 1925. 1st place

Brussels (Solbosch). Belgium to Cap Torinana. Spain

First nation to win Gordon Bennett 5 times

Aerostat: "Prince Leopold" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1345
km 835.7
Miles Duration: 47 h 30
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-21
Date 1926-01-01 Pilot: Jean Callizo FRA

Copilot: Passengers:

Claimed to be first flight over 12 000 m.

False claim. Flew low in an aircraft and drew the barogram himself.

FAI record approved but later withdrawn. (Mot Svarta Himlar 1946)

Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 12442
meter

Source: Ballooning 1782-1972. Mot Svarta Himlar 1946 Updated: 2004-03-20
Date 1926-05-31 Pilot: Ward Tunte van Orman 1894-1978 USA

Copilot: Walter W. Morton Passengers:

15th Gordon Bennett race 1926. 1st place

Antwerp (Wilrijk). Belgium to Sölvesborg. Sweden

Second nation to win Gordon Bennett 5 times

Aerostat: "Goodyear III" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 861
km 535
Miles Duration: 16 h 37
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-21
Date 1926-05-14 Pilot: Umberto Nobile 1885-1978 ITA

Copilot: Amundsen. Ellsworth. 6 Italians. 5 Norwegians. 1 Swedish Passengers:

First flight over the North Pole.

Kings Bay. Svalbard 11/5 to Teller. Alaska 14/5

Distance is the total ground distance covered

Aerostat: Nobile N-1. "Norge". Hydrogen Semi-Rigid Airship Volume: 18500
m3

Distance 5177
km 3216.8
Miles Duration: 70 h 35
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: My Polar Flights. Over Polhavet. The Italian Airships Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1927-03-09 Pilot: Hawthorne Gray 1889-1927 USA

Copilot: Passengers:

Altitude record attempt.

New US record


Aerostat: Army S-40-241 Gas Balloon Volume: 1982.18
m3

Distance 65
km 40.4
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 8690
meter

Source: The Eagle Aloft. Ballooning 1782-1972. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Freiballonsport in Deutschland. National Geographic March 1933 Updated: 1996-12-11
Date 1927-05-04 Pilot: Hawthorne Gray 1889-1927 USA

Copilot: Passengers:

Altitude flight.

Pilot left by parachute. Record denied


Aerostat: Army S-40-241 Gas Balloon Volume: 1982.18
m3

Distance 177
km 110
Miles Duration: 1 h 20
min Altitude: 12875
meter

Source: The Eagle Aloft. Ballooning 1782-1972. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Freiballonsport in Deutschland Updated: 1996-12-11
Date 1927-09-12 Pilot: Edward J. Hill USA

Copilot: Arthur G. Schlosser Passengers:

16th Gordon Bennett race 1927. 1st place

Detroit (Henry Ford Airport). USA to Baxley. Georgia


Aerostat: "Detroit" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1198
km 744.4
Miles Duration: 48 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-21
Date 1927-09-12 Pilot: Hugo Kaulen 1869-1954 GER

Copilot: Alexander Dahl Passengers:

16th Gordon Bennett race 1927. 2nd place

Detroit (Henry Ford Airport). USA to


Aerostat: "Barmen" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1106
km 687.2
Miles Duration: 48 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-21
Date 1927-09-12 Pilot: Ward Tunte van Orman 1894-1978 USA

Copilot: Walter W. Morton Passengers:

16th Gordon Bennett race 1927. 3rd place

Detroit (Henry Ford Airport). USA to Georgia


Aerostat: "Goodyear VI" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 1102
km 684.8
Miles Duration: 51 h 31
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-21
Date 1927-11-04 Pilot: Hawthorne Gray 1889-1927 USA

Copilot: Passengers:

Altitude flight.

Pilot died from hypoxia during descent


Aerostat: Army S-40-241 Gas Balloon Volume: 1982.18
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 2 h 56
min Altitude: 12945
meter

Source: The Eagle Aloft. Ballooning 1782-1972. Histoire de l'Aeronautique. Freiballonsport in Deutschland Updated: 1996-12-11
Date 1928-07-02 Pilot: William Elsworth Kepner 1893-1982 USA

Copilot: William O. Eareckson Passengers:

17th Gordon Bennett race 1928. 1st place

Detroit (Henry Ford Airport). USA to Kenbridge. Virginia

Second trophy won by USA

Aerostat: "U.S.Army" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 740.8
km 460.3
Miles Duration: 48 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-22
Date 1928-10-16 Pilot: Hugo Eckener 1868-1954 GER

Copilot: 40 Passengers:

First commercial transatlantic flight.

Friedrichshafen. Germany. October 11th - Lakehurst. N Jersey. USA. October 16th.

Distance is the total ground distance covered

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 127. "Graf Zeppelin". Hydrogen/blaugas (fuel). Rigid Airship Volume: 105000
m3

Distance 0
km 6166.5
Miles Duration: 111 h 44
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Giants in the Sky. Graf Zeppelin & Hindenburg. The first trans-oceanic voyage of a Commercial Air-Liner Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1929-03-25 Pilot: Hugo Eckener 1868-1954 GER

Copilot: Passengers:

Lowest altitude reached by a Zeppelin.

Dead Sea. Palestine

The volume consists of: 75 000 m3 for hydrogen. 30 000 m3 for blaugas (fuel).

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 127. "Graf Zeppelin". Hydrogen/blaugas (fuel). Rigid Airship Volume: 105000
m3

Distance -300
km 0
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Giants in the Sky Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1929-05-06 Pilot: Thomas G. W. "Tex" Settle 1895-1979 USA

Copilot: W. Bushnell Passengers:

World Record

World Record


Aerostat: Gas Balloon Volume: 0
m3

Distance 1532.1
km 952
Miles Duration: 0 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: UH95 Updated: 1999-04-20
Date 1929-08-05 Pilot: Hugo Eckener 1868-1954 GER

Copilot: Passengers:

Positioning for Around-the World Flight.

Friedrichshafen. Germany. August 1st - Lakehurst. USA. August 5th

The sponsor required the global flight to start in USA. Distance is the total ground distance covered.

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 127. "Graf Zeppelin". Hydrogen/blaugas (fuel). Rigid Airship Volume: 105000
m3

Distance 0
km 0
Miles Duration: 95 h 22
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Giants in the Sky. National Geographic. June 1930 Updated: 1998-06-06
Date 1929-08-10 Pilot: Hugo Eckener 1868-1954 GER

Copilot: Passengers:

Around-the-world Flight. leg 1.

Lakehurst. USA. August 7th. - Friedrichshafen. Germany. August 10th

Distance is the total ground distance covered

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 127. "Graf Zeppelin". Hydrogen/blaugas (fuel). Rigid Airship Volume: 105000
m3

Distance 0
km 4391.9
Miles Duration: 55 h 22
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Zeppelinmuseum. Giants in the Sky. National Geographic. June 1930 Updated: 1998-05-18
Date 1929-08-19 Pilot: Hugo Eckener 1868-1954 GER

Copilot: Passengers:

Around-the-world Flight. leg 2. First flight Germany to Japan

Friedrichshafen. Germany. August 15th - Tokyo. Japan. August 19th

Distance is the total ground distance covered

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 127. "Graf Zeppelin". Hydrogen/blaugas (fuel). Rigid Airship Volume: 105000
m3

Distance 0
km 6988.6
Miles Duration: 101 h 49
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Zeppelinmuseum. Giants in the Sky. National Geographic. June 1930 Updated: 2002-03-12
Date 1929-08-26 Pilot: Hugo Eckener 1868-1954 GER

Copilot: Passengers:

Around-the-world Flight. leg 3. First Pacific Ocean crossing

Tokyo. Japan. August 23rd. - Los Angeles. USA. August 26th

Distance is the total ground distance covered

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 127. "Graf Zeppelin". Hydrogen/blaugas (fuel). Rigid Airship Volume: 105000
m3

Distance 0
km 5998.1
Miles Duration: 79 h 3
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Zeppelinmuseum. Giants in the Sky. National Geographic. June 1930 Updated: 1998-05-18
Date 1929-08-29 Pilot: Hugo Eckener 1868-1954 GER

Copilot: Passengers:

Around-the-world Flight. leg 4. First flight across USA

Los Angeles. USA. August 27th. - Lakehurst. USA. August 29th

Distance is the total ground distance covered

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 127. "Graf Zeppelin". Hydrogen/blaugas (fuel). Rigid Airship Volume: 105000
m3

Distance 0
km 2996.3
Miles Duration: 51 h 57
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Zeppelinmuseum. Giants in the Sky. National Geographic. June 1930 Updated: 1998-05-18
Date 1929-08-29 Pilot: Hugo Eckener 1868-1954 GER

Copilot: Passengers:

Around-the-world Flight. Lakehurst to Lakehurst

Lakehurst. USA. August 7th - Lakehurst. USA. August 29th

Distance is the total ground distance covered in 4 flights. Duration is total airborne time in 4 flights

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 127. "Graf Zeppelin". Hydrogen/blaugas (fuel). Rigid Airship Volume: 105000
m3

Distance 0
km 20374.8
Miles Duration: 288 h 11
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Zeppelinmuseum. Giants in the Sky. National Geographic. June 1930 Updated: 1998-05-18
Date 1929-09-04 Pilot: Hugo Eckener 1868-1954 GER

Copilot: Passengers:

Around-the-world Flight. leg 5.

Lakehurst. USA. September 1st to Friedrichshafen. Germany. September 4th

Distance is the total ground distance covered

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 127. "Graf Zeppelin". Hydrogen/blaugas (fuel). Rigid Airship Volume: 105000
m3

Distance 0
km 5217
Miles Duration: 67 h 9
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Giants in the Sky. National Geographic. June 1930 Updated: 1996-04-15
Date 1929-09-04 Pilot: Hugo Eckener 1868-1954 GER

Copilot: Passengers:

Around-the-world Flight. Friedrichshafen to Friedrichshafen

Friedrichshafen. Germany. August 15th to Friedrichshafen. September 4th

Distance is the total ground distance covered in 4 flights. Duration is total airborne time in 4 flights

Aerostat: Zeppelin LZ 127. "Graf Zeppelin". Hydrogen/blaugas (fuel). Rigid Airship Volume: 105000
m3

Distance 0
km 21199.9
Miles Duration: 299 h 58
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Zeppelinmuseum. Giants in the Sky. National Geographic. June 1930 Updated: 1998-05-18
Date 1929-09-29 Pilot: Ward Tunte van Orman 1894-1978 USA

Copilot: Alan.L. McCracken Passengers:

18th Gordon Bennett race 1929. 1st place

St. Louis (Manion Park). USA to Troy. Ohio


Aerostat: "Goodyear VIII" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance 548.94
km 341.1
Miles Duration: 24 h 0
min Altitude: 0
meter

Source: Gordon Bennett result list Updated: 2001-10-22
Date 1930-09-02 Pilot: Ward Tunte van Orman 1894-1978 USA

Copilot: Alan.L. McCracken Passengers:

19th Gordon Bennett race 1930. 1st place

Cleveland. Ohio. USA to Norfolk. Massachusets


Aerostat: "Goodyear VIII" Gas Balloon Volume: 2200
m3

Distance